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ｕｐｄａｔｅ date ：2023-07-25 04:53:26Number of views： author：锦强矿业装备
Tin ore is an important metal ore widely used in fields such as electronics, aviation, and military industry. The mining and processing of tin ore requires a series of technological processes, including ore beneficiation, pulp flotation, dehydration and drying, smelting and refining, etc. This article will introduce the process flow and operating steps of tin ore.
1、 Ore beneficiation
The beneficiation of tin ore refers to the separation of ore through physical or chemical methods to remove impurities and improve the grade of tin. The beneficiation process of tin ore includes steps such as grinding, roughing, selection, and tailings treatment.
Grinding is the process of breaking the raw ore into smaller particles for subsequent beneficiation operations. The grinding equipment includes jaw crushers, cone crushers, ball mills, etc.
2. Rough selection
Rough separation is the preliminary separation of ground ore to remove large impurities and low-grade minerals. The equipment for rough selection includes heavy medium sorting machines, centrifugal sorting machines, etc.
beneficiation is the further separation of the roughened ore to remove small impurities and low-grade minerals. Selected equipment includes flotation machines, magnetic separators, etc.
4. Tailings treatment
Tailings treatment refers to the treatment of waste residue generated during the beneficiation process to reduce its impact on the environment. The methods of tailings treatment include drying, leaching, dehydration, etc.
2、 Pulp flotation
Pulp flotation is the flotation of ore after beneficiation to separate the tin ore from it. The pulp flotation process includes reagent treatment, gas dispersion, foam collection and other steps.
1. Chemical treatment
Reagent treatment is to add reagents to the pulp to change the chemical properties of the mineral surface so that it is easy to be adsorbed by foam. Chemicals include collectors, foaming agents, regulators, etc.
2. Gas dispersion
Gas dispersion is the process of injecting gas into the slurry through a nozzle, forming small bubbles that come into contact with the surface of the mineral, resulting in adsorption.
3. foam collection
Foam collection refers to the collection of foam after flotation, including tin ore. Foam collection equipment includes foam machine, foam tank, etc.
3、 Dehydration drying
Dewatering and drying is to dewater the flotation foam to reduce its water content to a certain extent. The equipment for dehydration and drying includes filters, centrifuges, etc.
IV. Melting and Refining
Smelting and refining refers to the smelting of dehydrated and dried tin ore to improve the purity of tin. The process of smelting and refining includes steps such as smelting, refining, and casting.
Melting is the process of melting tin ore to form a melt. The smelting equipment includes electric furnaces, coal-fired furnaces, etc.
Refining involves removing impurities from the melt and improving the purity of tin. The methods of refining include oxidation refining, electrolytic refining, etc.
Casting is the process of casting refined tin melt into various shapes of tin products. The casting equipment includes molds, pouring equipment, etc.
Tin mining process is a complex project that requires the use of multiple process flows and equipment. This article introduces the process flow and operating steps of tin ore beneficiation, pulp flotation, dehydration and drying, smelting and refining. The development of tin mining technology will provide more efficient and environmentally friendly solutions for tin mining and processing.Tin ore process