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ｕｐｄａｔｅ date ：2023-07-25 12:15:46Number of views： author：锦强矿业装备
Titanium zirconium sand is an important metal mineral resource with extensive application value, including aerospace, shipbuilding, chemical industry, electronics and other fields. The beneficiation process of titanium zirconium sand is the process of separating useful minerals from waste rocks in the ore, which requires the use of specialized equipment to complete. This article will introduce the types, working principles, operating procedures, and maintenance of titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment.
1、 Types of titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment
According to the principles and methods of beneficiation, titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment is mainly divided into two categories: gravity separation equipment and flotation equipment.
1. Re-selection equipment
The gravity separation equipment utilizes different densities and weights of minerals to achieve different settling rates in water, thereby achieving mineral separation. The commonly used gravity separation equipment includes gravity concentrators, spiral concentrators, centrifugal concentrators, etc.
2. Flotation equipment
Flotation equipment utilizes the contact between minerals and bubbles to adsorb them onto the bubbles, thereby achieving the separation of minerals. The commonly used flotation equipment includes mechanical flotation machines, air flotation separators, solution flotation machines, etc.
2、 Working principle of titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment
Taking a mechanical flotation machine as an example, its working principle is to first process the ore through pre-treatment processes such as crushing and grinding, and then add the slurry to the flotation tank. A certain agent is injected into the tank, causing the mineral to react with bubbles and form ore bubbles. As the bubbles rise, the ore bubbles are concentrated in the upper part of the flotation cell, forming scum, while the unadsorbed minerals sink to the bottom of the cell, forming bottom slag. By adjusting the type and dosage of reagents, selective separation of different minerals can be achieved.
3、 Operation steps of titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment
1. Equipment inspection
Before using titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment, it is necessary to inspect the equipment, including its appearance, electrical system, transmission system, lubrication system, water pump system, etc. Ensure that the equipment is free from faults and abnormalities and can operate normally.
2. Device startup
Start the equipment one by one according to the starting sequence, including the motor, water pump, reagent mixer, etc. During the startup process, it is necessary to carefully observe the operation of the equipment to ensure its normal operation.
3. Reagent dosing
According to the requirements of the beneficiation process, add corresponding reagents, including collectors, foaming agents, regulators, etc. The dosage and time of the agent need to be adjusted according to the actual situation.
4. Slurry adjustment
Adjust the concentration, pH value, temperature and other parameters of the slurry to ensure that its properties meet the requirements of the beneficiation process. During the adjustment process, it is necessary to carefully observe the operation of the equipment to ensure its normal operation.
5. Collection of mineral bubbles
Collect scum and bottom slag according to the requirements of the beneficiation process. The scum is collected through a scum tank, and the bottom slag is discharged through a bottom slag pump. The collected scum and bottom slag need to be analyzed and tested to ensure that the beneficiation effect meets the requirements.
4、 Maintenance of titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment
1. Equipment cleaning
After using titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment, it is necessary to clean the equipment, including flotation cells, reagent tanks, water pumps, pipelines, etc. During the cleaning process, it is necessary to use cleaning agents and water to thoroughly clean the inside and outside of the equipment to ensure cleanliness and hygiene.
2. Equipment maintenance
Regular maintenance of titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment, including motors, transmission systems, lubrication systems, water pump systems, and other aspects. During the maintenance process, it is necessary to replace damaged components, maintain the lubrication system, and inspect the electrical system to ensure the normal operation of the equipment.
3. Equipment maintenance
Maintain the titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment, including adding lubricating oil, inspecting the transmission system, cleaning the water pump, and replacing the motor bearings. During maintenance, it is necessary to pay attention to safety and ensure the normal operation of the equipment.
Titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment is one of the indispensable equipment in the titanium zirconium sand beneficiation process. This article introduces the types, working principles, operation steps, and maintenance of titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment, hoping to provide some reference for the implementation of titanium zirconium sand beneficiation process and equipment operation and maintenance.Titanium zirconium sand beneficiation equipment