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ｕｐｄａｔｅ date ：2023-07-25 12:05:18Number of views： author：锦强选矿设备
Slag is a solid waste generated during coal-fired power generation in power plants, which contains a large amount of harmful substances such as heavy metals and radioactive substances. If not treated and disposed of, it will cause great harm to the environment and human health. So, how should power plants handle slag? This article will provide you with a detailed introduction to the treatment methods and precautions for power plant slag.
1、 Classification of slag
Slag refers to a kind of solid waste formed by the oxidation, decomposition and melting of inorganic substances in coal at high temperature during coal-fired power generation. According to their properties and uses, slag can be divided into the following categories:
1. Slag powder: The ash generated during the combustion of coal powder, mainly used for making building materials such as cement and concrete.
2. Slag ball: Solid particles formed by melting slag at high temperatures, mainly used for infrastructure construction such as railways and highways.
3. Slag rod: A solid block formed by the melting of slag at high temperatures, mainly used for building materials such as cement and concrete.
2、 Treatment method of slag
1. Stacking method
Stacking method is a simple and low-cost method of slag treatment, which involves stacking the slag on a designated site, waiting for it to naturally dry and solidify before transportation and disposal. This method is suitable for situations where the amount of slag is small, the quality is light, and the requirements for harmless treatment are not high.
2. Water leaching method
Water spray method is a treatment method that sprays water mist onto the slag to quickly cool and solidify it. This method can effectively reduce the temperature of the slag, reduce its impact on the environment, and also facilitate the subsequent treatment and disposal of the slag.
3. Magnetic separation method
Magnetic separation method is a treatment method that utilizes magnetic separation technology to separate metal substances (such as iron, steel, etc.) from the slag. This method can effectively recover metal resources, reduce environmental pollution, and also facilitate the comprehensive utilization of slag.
4. Curing method
The solidification method is a treatment method that mixes slag with a solidification agent to form solid blocks. This method can effectively reduce the toxicity and danger of slag, reduce the harm to the environment and human health, and also facilitate the comprehensive utilization of slag.
III. Precautions for slag treatment
1. Ensure the safety and reliability of processing facilities to avoid harm to the environment and human health.
2. Choose appropriate treatment methods and methods, and classify the slag according to its properties and uses.
3. Strengthen the monitoring and management of slag to ensure that it meets national and local environmental standards and requirements.
Promote the comprehensive utilization of slag and minimize its pollution and waste to the environment.
The treatment of power plant slag is an important environmental protection work, which not only relates to the production efficiency and social image of the power plant, but also relates to the safety of the environment and human health. Therefore, power plants should choose appropriate treatment methods and disposal methods based on the nature and use of slag, strengthen monitoring and management of slag, and promote the comprehensive utilization of slag. Only in this way can the harm of slag to the environment and human health be effectively reduced, and the goal of sustainable development be achieved.How to handle slag in power plants